Zoodiversity 2022-05-30T16:07:40+00:00 Kharchenko Vitaliy Open Journal Systems <div style="color: #222222; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">"Zoodiversity" is the new name for "Vestnik Zoologii", which was published for 1967-2019.</div> <p>Zoodiversity is publishing original papers in all fields of zoology (except for strictly applied): fauna and systematics, ecology, ethology, descriptive and comparative morphology, physiology, paleozoology, zoological aspects of nature conservancy; the journal also includes eventual items like Information and Chronicle, Book Reviews, Field Notes, etc.</p> <p>Publication language is English.</p> Molecular Characterization of the First Reported Neoplagioglyphe megastomus (Digenea, Omphalometridae) in Poland 2022-05-26T12:37:27+00:00 V. Sarabeev M. Ovcharenko A. Ahmed R. A. Sueiro J. M. Leiro <p>The diversity and taxonomy of metacercariae infecting freshwater amphipods of Poland <br>are predominantly poorly known. During parasitological surveys of Gammarus pulex (Crustacea: <br>Amphipoda) in the Pomeranian region of Poland in 2020 and 2021, some specimens of crustaceans were <br>found to harbour metacercariae. Out of seven observed localities, metacercariae were found in the stream <br>close to Krępa Słupska and the Lupawa River close to Smoldzino. They were morphologically studied <br>and sequenced using universal eukaryotic primers that amplify V4–V5 regions of 18S rRNA. The BLAST <br>analysis and phylogenetic reconstructions aid to define the affiliation of the revealed metacercariae within <br>the Omphalometridae Looss, 1899. The further differential analysis based on morphologic information <br>led to the conclusion that the metacercarial form studied herein represents Neoplagioglyphe megastomus <br>(Baer, 1943). The degree of morphometric variations of taxonomic important features in populations <br>from different geographic regions was followed up. The reported here form was characterized by a larger <br>body size that was affected by the processing methods used in the present and previous studies. To our <br>knowledge, this is the first report of Neoplagioglyphe megastomus in Poland and is the first molecular <br>characterization of the worm.</p> 2022-05-11T08:46:13+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Volodimir Sarabeev, Mykola Ovcharenko, Abdulmalik Ahmed, Rosa Ana Sueiro, Jose Manuel Leiro Monitoring of Animal Dirofilariosis Incidence in Kharkiv Region of Ukraine 2022-05-26T12:37:39+00:00 A. P. Paliy N. V. Sumakova O. V. Pavlichenko O. I. Reshetylo L. M. Kovalenko N. P. Grebenik L. V. Bula <p>A total of 38 species of mosquitoes of the <em>Culicidae</em> family of two subfamilies <em>Anophelinae</em> and <em>Culicinae</em> belonging to 6 genera, were identified on the territory of Kharkiv Region from 2009 to 2019. Dirofilaria larvae were found in 932 insects, which was 4.46 % of the surveyed mosquitoes. The prevalence of the infection of female mosquitoes by dirofilaria was 4.46 ± 0.24 %, while the mean intensity of dirofilariae was 5.4 ± 2.1. Infection of mosquitoes with dirofilariae is currently detected in 11 districts of Kharkiv Region and the city of Kharkiv. The infection rate of mosquitoes of the genus <em>Aedes</em> was 3.83 ± 0.63 %, of the genus <em>Culex</em> — 0.75 ± 0.34 %, of the genus <em>Anopheles</em> — 0.12 ± 0.39 %, whereas females of the genera <em>Culiseta, Coquillettidia</em>, and <em>Uranotaenia</em> were uninfected. It was found that in Kharkiv Region there were 2 types of canine dirofilariae — <em>Dirofilaria immi</em><em>tis</em> (Leidy, 1856) and <em>Dirofilaria repens</em> (Railliet &amp; Henry, 1911), with a predominance of <em>Dirofilaria repens</em>. For the period from 2009 to 2019, we examined 378 blood samples from dogs (190 males and 188 females) aged from 8 months to 13 years with suspected dirofilariasis. According to the results of the studies, 140 samples were positive, the prevalence of infection by the larvae of <em>Dirofilaria</em> spp. in blood samples from dogs with suspected dirofilariasis was 37.03 ± 0.12 %, while infection with <em>Dirofilaria immitis</em> was 2.86 ± 0.45 %, and <em>Dirofilaria repens</em> — 97.35 ± 0.24 %. The number of positive samples from mongrel dogs was 42 (30 %). It was found that cats are more often amicrofilariaemic than dogs.</p> 2022-03-30T08:26:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Anatoliy Paliy Distribution of Sibling Species Yellow-legged Gull, Larus michahellis and Caspian Gull, Larus cachinnans (Charadriiformes, Laridae), on the Black Sea Coast 2022-05-26T12:37:41+00:00 A. N. Tsvelykh <p>Distribution of sibling species <em>Larus cachinnans </em>(Pallas, 1811) and <em>Larus michahellis</em> (J. F. Naumann 1840) were studied on coast of the Black Sea. Originally, <em>Larus michahellis</em> breeds on seaside cliffs and rocky islets of the Southern part of the Black Sea and of the Crimean Peninsula. Having adapted to breeding on the roofs of buildings, this species is spread to the north along the seaside: to Novorossiysk on the eastern coast, to Constanta on the western one. Additionally, an isolated population of <em>Larus </em><em>cachinnans </em>breeds on low-lying islands and sand spits mostly in the Northwestern Black Sea. Here, the species spreads on the seaside from Constanta northward to Karkinitian Bay. Further to the east, breeding populations of Caspian Gull are found on the Black Sea coast only at the southeastern edge of the Taman Peninsula to the south to Anapa. The coast of the Sea of Azov, adjacent to the northeastern part of the Black Sea, is densely populated by <em>Larus cachinnans</em>. Only in the southern part of the Sea of Azov, on the coast of the Kerch Peninsula, there is a small population of <em>Larus michahellis</em>.</p> 2022-03-28T08:07:01+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Zoodiversity Capoeta svanetica (Teleostei, Cyprinidae), a New Species from the Luchunis River (Rioni River Drainage) in Georgia 2022-05-30T16:07:40+00:00 A. Roman S. Afanasyev O. Golub O. Lietytska <p>Recent Georgia’s fish fauna includes four <em>Capoeta</em> species: <em>C.&nbsp;capoeta</em> (Kura River basin), <em>C.&nbsp;kaput</em> (Araxes River and its left tributaries, the Akhuryan and Mezamor rivers), <em>C.&nbsp;sieboldii</em> (East and South–East Black Sea river basins), and <em>C.&nbsp;banarescuii</em> (Chorokh River basin). Based on morphological data analysis new species of the genus <em>Capoeta</em> — C.&nbsp;svanetica&nbsp;sp.&nbsp;n. is described. It is more similar to the <em>Capoeta damascina</em> complex group (Anatolian–Iranian group) which also includes <em>C.&nbsp;banarescui</em>, <em>C.&nbsp;baliki</em>, and <em>C.&nbsp;sieboldii</em> spread at East and South-East Black Sea coastal rivers. The Anatolian–Iranian group, also known as small-scales species group well distinguished from Aral-Caspian species (<em>C.&nbsp;capoeta</em> and <em>C.&nbsp;kaput</em> in Georgia) by highest scales number in lateral line. <em>C.&nbsp;svanetica</em>&nbsp;sp.&nbsp;n. is distinguished from other <em>Capoeta</em> species of Black Sea basin rivers in Georgia and adjacent waters by combination of characters: two pairs of barbels are present (<em>C.&nbsp;sieboldii</em> and <em>C.&nbsp;oguzelii</em> have one barbels pair); no spots on the body (<em>C.&nbsp;oguzelii</em> has small black spots); lower lip has keratinised edge without fringe (<em>C.&nbsp;sieboldii</em> and <em>C.&nbsp;oguzelii</em> are characterized by fringed lips); scales small, 70–74 total lateral line scales (in <em>C.&nbsp;sieboldii</em> only 52–60 scales); 10–12 scale rows above lateral line (<em>C.&nbsp;banarescui</em>, <em>C.&nbsp;baliki</em> and <em>C.&nbsp;oguzelii</em> have more than 12 scale rows) and 7–8 scale rows below lateral line (<em>C.&nbsp;baliki</em> and <em>C.&nbsp;oguzelii</em> have more than 10 scale rows); 12–15 gill rakers on the first gill arch (<em>C.&nbsp;sieboldii</em> and <em>C</em>.&nbsp;<em>baliki</em> have more then 16); last unbranched fin ray soft, serrae number on it is 7–9 in adult and 0 in juvenile samples (all other <em>Capoeta</em> species of Black Sea basin rivers have well ossified last unbranched ray with high serrae number); anal fin base length is only 7.4–9.4 % of SL (more shorter than <em>C.&nbsp;banarescui</em>, <em>C.&nbsp;baliki</em> and also <em>C.&nbsp;tinca</em>); as well as mouth width (25.4–29.4 % of HL); eye diameter (19.0–28.7 % of HL) is biggest than same in <em>C.&nbsp;banarescui</em>, <em>C.&nbsp;baliki</em> and also <em>C.&nbsp;tinca</em>.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-03-28T07:53:38+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Anatolii Roman Mosquito Fauna (Diptera, Culicidae) in Tarhuna Region, Libya 2022-05-26T12:37:32+00:00 A. S. Khalefa S. Ghana N. M. Rashid T. Shaibi <h5>This study was conducted on mosquito larvae (Diptera, Culicidae) in Tarhuna, Libya during the period from January 2018 to December 2018. It aimed to determine the species diversity of mosquitos’ larvae in Tarhuna. Mosquito larvae were collected by dipper 400 ml from eight water locations (four permanent and four temporary water locations). 4,877 larvae were collected, 3,162 from the permanent aquatic locations and 1,715 larvae from the temporary locations. Seven species of mosquito larvae were recorded: <em>Culiseta longiareolata, Culex perexiguus, Culex theileri, Culex laticinctus, Culex pipiens, Culex quinquefasciatus </em>and<em> Anopheles sergentii</em>. <em>Cs. longiareolata </em>was the most abundant species of mosquito larva in both permanent and temporary locations. There were temporal differences in the number of larvae of collected species among months. The results of this study showed that these species were recorded for the first time in Tarhuna and some of them are vectors for some diseases.</h5> 2022-03-28T07:50:09+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Taher Shaibi, Abdulkarim S. Khalefa, Salah Ghana, Nouredin M. Rashied