Zoodiversity 2020-03-12T12:09:25+00:00 Kharchenko Vitaliy Open Journal Systems <div style="color: #222222; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: small; font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: start; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; white-space: normal; widows: 2; word-spacing: 0px; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; background-color: #ffffff; text-decoration-style: initial; text-decoration-color: initial;">"Zoodiversity" is new name of "Vestnik Zoologii" which was published for 1967-2019.</div> <p>Zoodiversity is publishing original papers in all fields of zoology (except for strictly applied): fauna and systematics, ecology, ethology, descriptive and comparative morphology, physiology, paleozoology, zoological aspects of nature conservancy; the journal also includes eventual items like Information and Chronicle, Book Reviews, Field Notes, etc.</p> <p>Publication language is English.</p> Morphometry of the digestive glands of terrestrial mollusk Cornu aspersum (Gastropoda, Helicidae) 2020-03-12T12:09:25+00:00 A. M. Tybinka O. O. Zaitsev M. V. Zakrevska H. I. Blishch O. M. Shchebentovska <p>Histological and histochemical techniques were used to study specifics of parenchyma and stroma in digestive gland of <em>C</em><em>ornu aspersum</em>. The parenchyma had 28.8 digestive ducts/mm<sup>2</sup> on average (CV = 11.2&nbsp;%) round-to-oval, with average cross-section of 27700.9 µm<sup>2</sup> (CV = 28.1 %). The duct area (79.8 % of parenchyma) and the area of inter-duct connective tissue (20.2 % of parenchyma) were in ratio 4 : 1. The gland completely lacked elastic fibers. The muscle elements between the ducts were of different shape and arrangement, on average 59.7 µm long (CV = 42.3&nbsp;%) and 1.41 µm wide (CV = 63.2&nbsp;%). The gland’s capsule was formed by three layers: epithelial, muscular, and the layer of collagen fibers. More than 60 % of the capsule’s thickness belonged to the muscular layer. The proportion of calcium cells in the digestive duct wall was 15.5 % (CV = 23.5&nbsp;%). Cells of digestive ducts contained a lot of vacuoles with brown granules (336.8 per 1 mm<sup>2</sup>, CV = 36.1&nbsp;%). The vacuole area was 2.2 % of all area of digestive gland (CV = 15.8&nbsp;%). The uneven location of muscle elements and brown granules in the glandular parenchyma indicated the functional features of the individual parts of the digestive gland.</p> 2020-02-26T16:54:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Zoology Winter diet of the Common Genet (Genetta genetta) and the African Golden Wolf (Canis anthus) in altitudinal locality of the Edough forest (Northeastern Algeria) 2020-03-03T14:29:53+00:00 M. Boukheroufa F. Sakraoui F. Belbel R. Sakraoui <p>The understanding of several interactions between carnivores is very important to plan effective programs of conservation. In this study, we tested the hypothesis of interspecificcompetition when trophic resources are the most limited by comparing the diets of the african golden wolf and the common genet in winter period, and in altitudinal locality on Edough mountain. To achieve this goal, a total of 60 scat samples were collected from the study area.We were able to identify four food categories for genets (arthropods, small mammals, birds and plants) and 6 food categories in the diet of african golden wolf (arthropods, small mammals, large mammals, birds, fruits and anthropogenic wastes).Our results showed a significant variation in the diets between the species,more than 50% of diets consist of fruits and large mammals for the African golden golf, and small mammals and birds for the Common Genet. Prey category richness was highest for the African golden wolf than for genets. The trophic niche overlap was partial between the two predators (Pianka’s overlap index = 0,688). All these results probably reflect a compromise in use of resources in order to minimize the competitive pressure between the two predators.</p> 2020-02-26T16:42:32+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Zoology Autumn migration of birds over Polonyna Borzhava (Ukrainian Carpathians) 2020-03-03T14:14:36+00:00 O. Dubovyk A. Bokotey L. Pokrytiuk V. Bodnar Yu. Strus O. Ruchko <p>Migration processes of birds occurring on the Polonyna Borzhava ridge were studied. Material was collected during 52-days period since September till November 2018 and total duration of observations was equal to 307 hours. It was found that despite difficult terrain and variable weather conditions at least 48 species of birds migrate over Polonyna Borzhava. Among them the following species dominate: Chaffinch <em>Fringilla coelebs</em>, Common Crane <em>Grus grus</em>, Eurasian Siskin <em>Spinus spinus</em>, Common Wood Pigeon <em>Columba palumbus</em>, Great Tit <em>Parus major</em>, Goldfinch <em>Carduelis carduelis</em>, Water Pipit <em>Anthus spinoletta</em>, Blue Tit <em>Cyanistes caeruleus</em>, and also raptors: Sparrowhawk <em>Accipiter nisus</em>, Common Buzzard <em>Buteo buteo</em>, Goshawk <em>Accipiter gentilis</em>, Hen Harrier <em>Circus cyaneus</em>, Marsh Harrier <em>Circus aeruginosus</em> and other species. Among detected species six are under protection of the Red Data Book of Ukraine: Common Crane, Hen Harrier, Stock Dove <em>Columba oenas</em>, Alpine Accentor&nbsp; <em>Prunella collaris</em>, Osprey<em> Pandion haliaetus</em>, and Peregrine Falcon<em> Falco peregrinus. </em>Median date of the overall bird passage falls on 9 October. Passage dynamics differs among species. Most of species prefer flight heights not higher than 55 m above the ridge, but some numerous species choose higher altitudes, for instance Wood Pigeon (85.6±62.7 m), and Common Crane (227.5±62.5 m).</p> 2020-02-26T15:48:57+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Zoology Lepisosteiform fish (Holostei) ganoid scales from the middle jurassic deposits of Ukraine 2020-03-03T14:08:44+00:00 О. М. Kovalchuk G.V. Anfimova <p>Gars (Lepisosteiformes) flourished in epicontinental seas throughout the world during the second half of Mesozoic and early Cenozoic. Cretaceous and Paleogene remains of these fishes are common in Europe while their Jurassic fossils are still relatively scarce. Here we re-describe in detail a series of ganoid scales from the latest Middle Jurassic (Callovian) deposits of&nbsp;Pekari (Cherkasy Region, Ukraine). These fossils were identified by&nbsp;Professor O.&nbsp;S.&nbsp;Rogovich in 1861 as those that belong to <em>Lepidotus mantellii</em> and <em>L.&nbsp;fittoni</em>. The referral of these scales to a certain species should be considered with caution because the described material lacks characters sufficient for identification it even to the genus or family. We consider to&nbsp;identify these fossils as Lepisosteiformes gen. et sp. indet. An overview of currently known Jurassic occurrences of lepisosteiform fishes is also presented in the paper.</p> <p>Lepisosteiformes, museum collection, morphology, Callovian, Europe.</p> 2020-02-26T15:31:58+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Zoology First records of the rare family Clusiidae (Diptera, Opomyzoidea) from Iran 2020-03-12T07:59:30+00:00 Farzane Kazerani P. Beuk Beuk M. E. Farashiani Sh. Mohammadnezhad Kiasari <p>During our research on the Diptera fauna ofnorthern Iran<br>during 2017–2018, three species of the family Clusiidae have been collected and identified. Clusiaflava<br>(Meigen, 1830), Clusia tigrina (Fallén, 1820) and Clusiodes ruficollis (Meigen, 1830) are recorded from<br>Iran for the first time. These also represent the first records of the family Clusiidae from Iran.<br><br></p> 2020-02-26T14:25:02+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Institute of Zoology