A survey of Ciidae Leach, 1819 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea) of the Hyrcanian Forest (Iran) with new faunistic records

  • Sudabe Amini University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
  • Roman Krolik Mickiewicza, 8, 46-200 Kluczbork, Poland
  • Jamasb Nozari University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
  • Mohammad Ebrahim Farashiani Research institute of Forest and Rangeland, Agriculture Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
  • Farzane Kazerani Research institute of Forest and Rangeland, Agriculture Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
Keywords: Ciid beetles, new records, fauna, forest, fungi, Iran, Middle East


Ciidae are a small family of mycetophagus beetles with only nine species so far recorded in Iran. The occurrence of four of them has now been confirmed. During the 2014-2017 survey in the Hyrcanian Forest, North Iran, 12 species belonging to 6 genera have been recorded for the first time in Iran. As a result of this study, the number of species known from Iran has increases to 21.



Amini, S., Sheikhnejad, H., Hosseini, R. 2014. The first report of Cis multidentatus (Coleoptera: Ciidae) for the fauna of Iran. The 21th conference of Iranian Plant Protection Congress, At University of Urmia, Iran.

Amini, S., Sheykhnejad, H., Hosseini, R. 2015. First record of Cis chinensis (Coleoptera: Ciidae) from Iran. Journal of Entomological Research of Islamic Azad University, 8, 165-169 [In Persian.]

Diéguez Fernández, D., 2013. Coleoptera. Familia Ciidae. Algunas citas de cíidos de España. Arquivos Entomolóxicos, 8, 103-106.

Drogvalenko, A. N. 2002. New and rare species of beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera) for fauna of Ukraine. Information 2. Izvestiya Kharkovskogo Entomologicheskogo Obshchestva, 9, 9-19 [In Russian].

Graf-Peters, L. V., Lopes-Andrade, C., Silveira, R. M. B., Moura, L. A., Reck, M. A., Nogueira-de-Sá, F. 2011.Host Fungi and Feeding habits of Ciidae (Coleoptera) in a Subtropical Rainforest in Southern Brazil, with an overview of Host-Fungi of Neotropical Ciids. Florida Entomologist, 94, 553-566.


Jelínek, J. 2008. Family Ciidae Leach, 1819. In: Löbl, I. and Smetana, A., eds. Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera, Vol. 5, Tenebrionoidea. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, 55-62.

Jonsell, M., Nordlander, G. 1995. Field attraction of Coleoptera to odors of the wood-decaying polypores Fomitopsis pinicola and Fomes fomentarius. Annales Zoologici Fennici, 32, 391-402.

Kawanabe, M. 1995. A synonymic note on Paraxestocis unicornis Miyatake (Coleoptera, Ciidae). Elytra, 23 (2), 175-176.

Królik, R. 2016. Two new species and nomenclatural changes in the Cis castaneus species group (Coleoptera, Ciidae). Zootaxa, 4114, 492-500.



Królik, R., Szołtys, H., Melke, A. 2017. Ciidae (Coleoptera) Pogórza Przemyskiego. Rocznik Muzeum Górnośląskiego w Bytomiu Przyroda, 23 (online 006), 1-13.

Lawrence, J. F. 1991. Three new Asiatic Ciidae (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea) asociated with commercial, dried fungi. Coleopterists Bulletin, 45, 286-292.

Lawrence, J. F. 2016. The Australian Ciidae (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea): A preliminary revision. Zootaxa, 41, 1-208.



Lawrence, J. F., Lopes-Andrade, C. 2010. Ciidae Leach in Samouelle, 1819 In: Leschen, R. A. B., Beutel, R. G., Lawrence, J. F., eds. Handbuch der Zoologie/Handbook of Zoology, Band/Volume IV Arthropoda: Insecta, Teilband/Part 38, Coleoptera, Beetles, Vol. 2, Morphology and Systematics (Polyphaga partim). Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, 504-514.


Lohse, G. A., 1967. Familie Cisidae. In: Freude, H., Harde, K. W. & Lohse, G. A., eds. Die Käfer Mitteleuropas, Bd 7. Goecke Evers Verlag, Krefeld, 280-295.

Lohse, G. A., Reibnitz, J. 1991. Cis multidentatus (Pic), ein unbeachtetern Vorratsschädling (Coleoptera, Cisidae). Acta Coleopterologica, 7, 103-105.

Lopes-Andrade, C. 2008. The first record of Cis chinensis Lawrence from Brazil, with the delimitation of the Cis multidentatus species-group (Coleoptera: Ciidae). Zootaxa, 17 (55), 35-46.


Müller, J.,Varandi, H., Babaii, M., Farashiani, M., Sageb-Talebi, K., Lange, F., Gossner, M., Jarzabek-Müller, A., Roth, N., Thorn, S., Seibold, S. 2018. The diversity of saproxylic insects (Coleoptera, Heteroptera) on four tree species of the Hyrcanian forest in Iran. Journal of Insect Conservation, 22 (3-4), 607-625.


Orledge, G. M., Reynolds, S. E. 2005. Fungivore host-use groups from cluster analysis: patterns of utilization of fungal fruiting bodies by ciid beetles. Ecological Entomology, 30, 620-641.


Poussereau, J., Rose, O. 2010. Contribution á la connaissance des Ciidae de l'île de la Réunion (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea). Coleopteriste, 13, 30-31.

Reibnitz, J. 1999. Verbreitung und Lebensräume der Baumschwammfresser Südwestdeutschlands (Coleoptera: Cisidae). Mitteilungen Entomologischer Verein Stuttgart, 34, 1-76.

Reibnitz, J., Graf, R., Coray, A. 2013. Checklist of the Ciidae (Coleoptera) of Switzerland, with comments on nomenclature and ecology. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique Suisse, 86, 63-88.

Reibnitz, J., Kunz, W. 2011. Cis chinensis Lawrence, 1991 - neu für Baden-Württemberg (Col., Ciidae). Mitteilungen Entomologischer Verein Stuttgart, 46, 45-85.

Reitter, E. 1901. Byrrhidae (Anobiidae) und Cioidae. Bestimmungs-Tabelle der europäischen Coleopteren. XL07. (Heft 47). Brünn, Edm. Reitter, 1-64.

Rose, O. 2009. Cis chinensis Lawrence, 1991 nouveau pour la faune de France métropolitaine et celle de l'île de la Réunion (Coleoptera, Tenebrionoidea, Ciidae). L' Entomologiste, 65 (5), 281-284.

Sagheb Talebi, Kh., Sajedi, T., Pourhashemi, M. 2014. Forests of Iran: A Treasure from the Past, a Hope for the Future. Springer, Dordrecht, 1-152.


Samin, N., Bunalski, M., Kubisz, D., Háva, J., Navaeian, M., Otero, J. C., Hawkeswood, T. J., Zhou, H., Sakenin, H., Jędryczkowski, W. B. 2018. Contributions to the knowledge of the distribution of select Coleoptera families from Iran. Wiadomości Entomologiczne, 37 (4), 197-209.

Shugran, A. H. M., Augul, R. S., Al-Khesraji, T. O., 2018. List of insects associated with macrofungi in Tikrit city, Salahadin governorate, Iraq. Bulletin of Iraq Natural History Museum, 15 (1), 41-55.


Souza-Gonçalves, I., Lopes-Andrade, C. 2018. The Cis multidentatus Species-Group (Coleoptera: Ciidae): New Species, New Records, Complementary Descriptions and an Identification Key. Annales Zoologici, 68, 501-518.


Souza-Gonçalves, I., Orsetti, A., Lopes-Andrade, C. 2018. Synopsis of Cis Latreille (Coleoptera: Ciidae) from southern Africa. Insects, 9, 184.


PMid:30563122 PMCid:PMC6315419

How to Cite
Amini, S., Krolik, R., Nozari, J., Farashiani, M. E., & Kazerani, F. (2020). A survey of Ciidae Leach, 1819 (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea) of the Hyrcanian Forest (Iran) with new faunistic records . Zoodiversity, 54(4). https://doi.org/10.15407/zoo2020.04.317