The fruit flies of Morocco: new records of the Tephritinae (Diptera, Tephritidae)

Keywords: host plants, Middle Atlas, Morocco, new records, Rif, Tephritidae, Tephritinae


Based on the samples of the true fruit flies belonging to the subfamily Tephritinae collected in Morocco during 2016–2020, the genus Chaetostomella Hendel, 1927 and the species Myopites cypriaca Hering 1938, M. longirostris (Loew, 1846), Tephritis carmen Hering 1937, and Urophora jaculata Rondani, 1870 are recorded for the first time in North Africa and Chaetorellia succinea Costa 1844, Chaetostomella cylindrica Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, Terellia luteola (Wiedemann, 1830), Terellia oasis (Hering, 1938) and Urophora quadrifasciata algerica (Hering, 1941) are new records for the Moroccan fauna. The occurrence of Capitites ramulosa (Loew, 1844), Tephritis simplex Loew, 1844, and Aciura coryli (Rossi, 1794) are confirmed. Host plants as well as photos of verified species are provided.


Bayrak, N., Hayat, R. 2012. Türkiye'nin Tephritidae (Diptera) türleri. Türk Bilimsel Derlemeler Dergisi, 5 (2), 49-55.

Becker, T., Stein, P. 1913. Dipteren aus Marokko. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale de Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg, 18, 62-95.

Dirlbek, J. 1974. Contribution to the knowledge of Trypetidae in Cyprus (Diptera). Acta faunistica entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 25, 69-78.

El Harym, Y., Belqat, B. 2017. First checklist of the fruit flies of Morocco, including new records (Diptera, Tephritidae). ZooKeys, 702, 137-171.

Freidberg, A. 1979. On the taxonomy and biology of the genus Myopites (Diptera: Tephritidae). Israel Journal of Entomology, 13, 13-26.

Freidberg, A., Kugler, J. 1989. Fauna Palaestina, Insecta IV, Diptera: Tephritidae. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem,1-212.

Freidberg, A., Kütük, M. 2002. A new species of Tephritis from Turkey, with a key to the species of the Tephritis pulchra group. Israel Journal of Zoology, 48(4), 295-311.

Gharajedaghi, Y., Khaghaninia, S., Farshbaf Purabad, R. 2012. Investigation of the fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) fauna in Ajabshir region (East Azerbaijan Province) with the new records from Iran (Part 2). Munis Entomology & Zoology, 7 (2), 935-945.

Giray, H. 1979. Turkiye Trypetidae (Diptera) faunasina ait ilk liste. Turkiye Bitki Koruma Dergisi, 3, 35-46.

Hendel, F. 1927. 49. Trypetidae. In: Lindner, E., ed. Die Fliegen der palaearktischen Region. 5 (Lfg. 16-19). Schweizerbartsche Verlag, Stuttgart, 1-221 + I-XVII pl.

Heřman, P., Dirlbek, J. 2006. Contribution to the knowledge of the fruit fly fauna of Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia (Diptera: Tephritidae). In: Kinkorová, J. (Ed.) Dipterologica Bohemoslovaca. 13. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Biologica, 50 (1-2), 53-56.

Khaghaninia, S., Gharajedaghi, Y., Zarghani, E. & Pour Abad, R. F. 2012. Some of the fruit flies fauna of Chichekli region with a new report for Iran (Diptera: Tephritidae). Munis Entomology & Zoology, 7 (1), 526-535.

Knio, K. M., Kalash, S. M. & White, I. M. 2002. Flowerhead infesting fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) on thistles (Asteraceae) in Lebanon. Journal of Natural History, 36, 617-629.

Knio, K.M., White, I.M. & Al-Zein, M. 2007. Host race formation in Chaetostomella cylindrica (Diptera: Tephritidae), Morphological and morphometric evidence. Journal of Natural History, 41, 1697-1715.

Koçak, A. O., Kemal, M. 2013. Tephritidae in Turkey. An evaluation of its status from various standpoints (Diptera). Cesa News, 86, 1-49.

Korneyev, S. V. 2016. A revision of the genus Tephritis (Diptera, Tephritidae) of the Western Palaearctics. PhD Tesis. I.I. Schmalhaussen Institute of Zoology National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, 1-387 [In Ukrainian].

Korneyev, V. A., Dirlbek, J. 2001. The fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Syria, Jordan and Iraq. Studia Dipterologica, (2000), 7 (2), 463-482.

Kugler, J., Freidberg, A. 1975. A list of the fruitflies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Israel and nearby areas, their host plants and distribution. Israel Journal of Entomology, 10, 51-72.

Kütük, M., Varol, M. 2006. Records of two species of Terellia Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 (Diptera: Tephritidae) new to the Turkish fauna. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 30 (1), 99-102.

Kütük, M., Yaran, M. 2011. The fauna and systematic of the genus Terellia R-D., 1830 (Diptera: Tephritidae) with a key to the species of Terellia in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 35 (4), 509-517 .

Merz, B. 1992. The fruit flies of the Canary Islands (Diptera: Tephritidae). Entomologica Scandinavica, 23, 215-231.

Merz, B. 1994. Diptera: Tephritidae. Insecta Helvetica Fauna. HGE press, Geneva, 10, 1-198.

Merz, B. 2001. Faunistics of the Tephritidae (Diptera) of the Iberian Peninsula and the Baleares. Bulletin de la Societe Entomologique Suisse, 74, 91-98.

Merz, B., Korneyev, V. A. 2004. Tephritidae. In: Pape, T., (ed.), Fauna Europea. Insecta: Diptera. Fauna Europaea version 1.1,

Norrbom, A. L., Carroll, L. E., Thompson, F. C., White, I. M. & Freidberg, A. 1999. Systematic Database of Names. In: Thompson, F. C., ed. Fruit Fly Expert Identification System and Systematic Information Database. Backhuis Publishers, Leiden, 65-299.

Özgür, A. F., Kütük, M. 2003. Adana ‹li Meyve Sinekleri (Tephritidae: Diptera) Faunasının Tespiti. Ç.Ü.Z.F. Dergisi, 18, 35-44.

Pape, T., Blagoderov, V., Mostovski, M. B. 2011. Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z-Q (Ed) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa 3148, 222-229.

Séguy, E. 1930. Contribution à l'étude des Diptères du Maroc. Mémoire de la Société des Sciences Naturelles et Physique du Maroc, 24, 1-206.

Séguy, E. 1934. Diptères (Brachycères) (Muscidae, Acalypterae et Scatophagidae). Faune de France, 28, 1-832.

Séguy, E. 1941. Dipteres recueillis par M. Berland dans le Sud Marocain. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 110, 1-23.

Séguy, E. 1949. Dipteres de Sud-Marocain (Vallée du Draa) recueillis par M L Berland en 1947. Revue française d'Entomologie, 16, 152-161.

Séguy, E. 1953. Diptères du Maroc. Encyclopédie Entomologique (B) II. Diptera, 11, 77-92.

Smith, C. A., Al-Zein, M. S., Sayar, N. P., Knio, K. M. 2009. Host races in Chaetostomella cylindrica (Diptera: Tephritidae), genetic and behavioural evidence. Bulletin of Entomological Research 99(04), 425-432.

White, I. M. 1988. Tephritid flies: Handbooks for the identification of British insects. Vol. 10, part 5a. Royal Entomological Society of London, 1-134.

White, I. M., Clement, S. L. 1987. Systematic notes on Urophora (Diptera, Tephritidae) species associated with Centaurea solstitialis (Asteraceae, Cardueae) and other Palaearctic weeds adventive in North America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 89, 571-580.

White, I. M., Korneyev, V. A. 1989. A revision of the Western Palearctic species of Urophora Rob ineau-Desvoidy (Diptera Tephritidae) Systematic Entomology, 14, 327-374.

White, I. M., Marquardt, K. 1989. A revision of the genus Chaetorellia Hendel (Diptera: Tephritidae) including a new species associated with spotted knapweed, Centaurea maculosa LAM. (Asteraceae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 79, 453-487.

Wiedemann, C. R. W. 1824. Munus rectoris in Academia Christiana Albertina aditurus analecta entomologica ex Museo Regio Havniensi maxime congesta profert iconibusque illustrat. Kiliae. 60 p.

How to Cite
El Harym, Y., Belqat, B., & Korneyev, V. A. (2020). The fruit flies of Morocco: new records of the Tephritinae (Diptera, Tephritidae) . Zoodiversity, 54(6), 439–452.
Fauna and Systematics