Identity of Species Assigned to the Genus Cephalia (Diptera, Tephritoidea)

Keywords: Diptera, Ulidiidae, Richardiidae, Platystomatidae, Otitinae, Cephaliini, taxonomy, nomenclature


The taxonomy of the genus Cephalia Meigen, 1826 has hitherto been confused. This paper comprises a review of the 13 nominal species assigned to the genus Cephalia to date. Of these, C. nigripes Meigen, 1826 has previously been considered a junior synonym of C. rufipes Meigen, 1826, which is here found to be apparently the only species which actually belongs in the genus Cephalia. Regarding the position of the other species: Cephalia fascipennis Wiedemann, 1830, C. femoralis Wiedemann, 1830 and C. marginata Wiedemann, 1830 was already transferred to Setellia (Richardiidae) and C. caloptera Bigot, 1886 synonymized with Euphranta connexa (Tephritidae); C. bicolor Bigot, 1886 synonymized with Elassogaster linearis (Walker, 1849) (Platystomatidae); and C. quadripunctata Gimmerthal, 1842 tentatively placed in the genus Sapromyza (Lauxaniidae). Cephalia myrmecoides Loew, 1860 and C. fenestrata Coquillett, 1900 have been transferred to the monotypic genera Myrmecothea Hendel and Myiomyrmica Steyskal respectively, forming a clearly monophyletic lineage together with C. rufipes within the tribe Cephaliini (Ulidiidae). The following synonymies are also established here for the remaining species: Acrosticta fulvicornis (Bigot, 1886) comb. n., = Cephalia fulvicornis Bigot, 1886 (Acrosticta fulvipes Coqullett, 1900 is possibly a junior synonym) (Ulidiidae); Herina flavoscutellata (Becker, 1900), comb. n. (Ulidiidae), = Cephalia flavoscutellata Becker, 1900; Rivellia maculipennis (Bigot, 1886) comb. n., = Cephalia maculipennis Bigot, 1886 = Rivellia brevifasciata Johnson, 1900 syn. n. (Platystomatidae). The taxonomic position of Cephalia within the subfamily Otitinae is discussed.


Aartsen, B. van, Beuk, P. 2002. Family Ulidiidae. In: Beuk, P. L. Th., ed. Checklist of the Diptera of the Netherlands. KNNV Uitgeverij Utrecht, 238-239.

Becker, Th. 1900. Beiträge zur Dipteren-Faunaa Sibiriens. Nordwest-Sibirische Dipteren gesammelt vom Prof. John Sahlberg aus Helsingfors im Jahre 1876, und vom Dr. E. Betroth aus Tammerfors im Jahre .1877 Bearbeitet von Th. Becker in Liegnitz. Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae, 26 (9), 1-66 + 2 pls.

Becker, Th. 1902. Die Meigen'schen Typen der sogen. Muscidae acalypterae (Muscaria holometopa) in Paris und Wien. Zeitschrift für Systematische Hymenopterologie und Dipterologie, 2, 209-256, 289-320, 337-355.

Becker, Th. 1905. Ortalidae In: Becker, Th. et al., eds. Katalog der paläarktischen Dipteren. Budapest, 4, 92-107.

Bigot, J. M. F. 1886. Diptères nouveaux ou peu connus. 29e partie (suite), XXXVII: 2e Essai d'une classification synoptique du groupe des Tanypezidi (mihi) et description de genres et d'espèces inédits. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, ser. 6, 6, 369-392.

Coquillett, D. W. 1900. Notes and descriptions of Ortalidae. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 8, 21-25.

Coquillett, D. W. 1910. The type-species of the North American genera of Diptera. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 37, 499-647.

Cresson, E. T., Jr. 1924. Studies in the dipterous family Ortalidae, with descriptions of new species, mostly from North America. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 50, 225-241.

Ferrar, P. 1987. A guide to the breeding habits and immature stages of Diptera Cyclorrhapha. Entomonograph. Vol. 8. E.J. Brill, Leiden & Scandinavian Science Press, Copenhagen, 1-907.

Foote, R. H. 1984. Family Tephritidae (Trypetidae). In: Soós, Á. & Papp, L., eds. Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera. Vol. 9. Micropezidae-Agromyzidae. Akadémiai Kiadó & Elsevier Science Publishers, Budapest & Amsterdam, 66-149.

Gimmerthal, 1843. Uebersicht der Zweifluger (Diptera Ln.) Lief- und Kurlands. Bulletin de la Societe Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou (1842), 15, 639-686.

Hendel, F. 1910. Ueber die Nomenklatur der Acalyptratengattungen nach Th. Beckers Katalog der paläarktischen Dipteren, Bd. 4. Wiener Entomologische Zeitung, 29, 307-313.

Hendel, F. 1911 a. Die Arten der Dipteren-Subfamilie Richardiinae. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 1911, 181-212, 239-270, 367-396.

Hendel, F. 1911 b. Diptera. Fam. Muscaridae. Subfam. Richardiinae. Genera insectorum, 113, 1-56.

Hendel, F. 1914. Diptera. Fam. Muscaridae. Subfam. Platystominae. Genera insectorum, 157, 1-179.

Hendel, F. 1927. 48. Trypetidae. In: Lindner, E., ed. Die Fliegen der palaearktisclien Region. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 5 (Lfg.16-19), l-221.

Hennig, W. 1939. 46. / 47. Otitidae. In: Lindner, E., ed. Die Fliegen der palaearktisclien Region. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 5 (Lfg.126-128), l-79.

Hennig, W. 1945. 48. Platystomidae. In: Lindner, E., ed. Die Fliegen der palaearktisclien Region. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 5 (Lfg. 155), l-56.

Johnson, C. W. 1900. Some notes and descriptions of seven new species and one new genus of Diptera. Entomological News, 11: 323-328, 3 figs.

Kameneva, E. P. 2007. A new species of Herina (Diptera, Ulidiidae) from Switzerland, with a key to European species and notes on nomenclature and distribution. Vestnik Zoologii, 41 (5), 405-421.

Kameneva, E. P., Korneyev, V. A. 2006. Myennidini, a new tribe of the subfamily Otitinae (Diptera: Ulidiidae), with discussion of the suprageneric classification of the family. Israel Journal of Entomology, 35-36, 497-586.

Kameneva, E. P., Korneyev, V. A., Ramos-Pastrana, Y. 2017. A new genus, new species and new records of Ulidiidae (Diptera: Tephritoidea) from Colombia. Vestnik Zoologii, 51 (2), 125-136.

Meigen, J. W. 1826. Systematische Beschreibung der bekannten europäischen zweiflügeligen Insekten. Fünfter Theil. Schulz-Wundermann, Hamm, i-xii + 1-412.

Mik, J. 1887. Diptera. Wiener entomologische Zeitung, 6, 158-160.

Morgulis, E., Freidberg, A., Kameneva, E. P. 2013. Two new species of Herina (Diptera: Ulidiidae) from the Mediterranean region, with key to species groups. Zootaxa, 3686 (4), 461-470.

Namba, R. 1956. A revision of the flies of the genus Rivellia (Otitidae, Diptera) of America north of México. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 106, 21-84.

Norrbom, A. L., Carroll, L. E., Thompson, F. C., White, I. M., Freidberg, A. 1999. Systematic database of names. In: Thompson, F. C., ed. Fruit Fly Expert Identification System and Systematic Information Database. Myia (1998), 9, 65-251 & Diptera Data Dissemination Disk (CD-ROM) (1998) 1.

Poole, R.W., Gentili, P. (comps.) 1996. Nomina Insecta Nearctica. A checklist of the insects of North America. Volume 3: Diptera, Lepidoptera, Siphonaptera. Entomological information Services, Rockville, Maryland. 1-1143.

Rohaček, J. 2009. Ulidiidae Macquart, 1835. In: Jedlička L., Kúdela M. & Stloukalová V., eds. Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Electronic version 2. (Accessed 15.11.2022 at

Schiner, R. I. 1864. Catalogus systematicus dipterorum Europae. Societatis zoologico-botanicae, Vindobonae [=Vienna]: i-xii + 1-115.

Séguy, E. 1934. Diptères Brachycères (Muscidae Acalypterae et Scatophagidae). Faune de France Dipteres (Brachyceres: Acalypterae et Scatophagidae), 28. Lechevalier et Fils, Paris, 1-832.

Soós, Á. 1957. Neue Angaben die paläarktischen Otitiden (Diptera). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici. Seria Nova, 8, 389-399.

Soós, Á. 1984. Family Otitidae (Ortalidae). In: Soós, Á., Papp, L., eds. Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera. Vol. 9. Micropezidae-Agromyzidae. Akadémiai Kiadó & Elsevier Science Publishers, Budapest & Amsterdam, 45-59.

Steyskal, G. C. 1961. The genera of Platystomatidae and Otitidae known to occur in America north of Mexico (Diptera, Acalyptratae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 54, 401-410.

Steyskal, G. C. 1965 a. Family Otitidae (Ortalidac, Ulidiidac, Ptcrocallidae). In: Stone, A. et al., eds. A catalog of the Diptera of America north of Mexico, 642-654 (U.S.D.A. Agricultural Handbook, 276).

Steyskal, G. C. 1965 b. Family Platystomatidae (Platystomidac). In: Stone, A. et al., eds. A catalog of the Diptera of America north of Mexico, 655-657 (U.S.D.A. Agricultural Handbook, 276).

Steyskal, G. C. 1968. 53. Family Richardiidae. In: Papavero, N., ed. A Catalogue of the Diptera of the Americas South of the United States. Departamento de Zoología, Secretaria da Agricultura, São Paulo, 53.1-53.25.

Steyskal, G. C. 1977. Family Platystomatidae. In: Delfinado, M. D., Hardy, D. E., eds. A catalog of the Diptera of the Oriental Region. Vol. 3. Suborder Cyclorrhapha (excluding Division Aschiza). The University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, 135-164.

Walker, F. 1849. List of the specimens of dipterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part IV. British Museum (Natural History), London, 1-489 [ (3) + 689-1172 + (2)].

Walker, F. 1861. Characters of undescribed Diptera in the collection of W. W. Saunders [concl.]. The Transactions of the Entomological Society of London. (1858-1861) n. ser. [=ser. 2], 5, 297-334.

Wallace, C. 2021. An illustrated identification key to the genera of Ulidiidae (Diptera: Tephritoidea) of the United States and Canada. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification, 45, 1-94.

Wiedemann, C. R. W. 1830. Aussereuropäische zweiflügelige Insekten. Vol. 2, Hamm. xii +684 pp., 5 pls.

How to Cite
Kameneva, E. P., & Korneyev, V. A. (2022). Identity of Species Assigned to the Genus Cephalia (Diptera, Tephritoidea). Zoodiversity, 56(6).
Fauna and Systematics