Phenotypic Study of Population and Distribution of the Poecilia reticulata (Cyprinodontiformes, Poeciliidae) from Kyiv Sewage System (Ukraine)
This paper presents the original data on studies of populations of guppies on the territory of Ukraine on the example of those of them surviving for many years in the drainage system of Kyiv. For 10 years, wild populations of guppies and their morphological features were studied in the warm water flows of the Bortnychi aeration station in Kyiv (2011–2020). During this period, the original “key” was developed to describe the morphology of their coloration peculiarities, which includes: total length, the number of pattern and coloration elements (4 types, 9 elements), pigmented area (light — orange, dark, pigmentation index), the shape and pigmentation of the tail (6 types) and its asymmetry At present, in the countries of Eastern Europe, the species is not adapted to any waters in the wild due to low winter temperatures, but these fish have become well established in sewage and other warm water bodies in urbanized areas (cities, towns, factories, etc.). We described the places where this invasive species had been found for many years, highlighting its key features. Thanks to GIS modelling, it was revealed that the existence of wild populations of guppies in Ukraine and Latvia is possible only in warm waters (currently mainly sewage systems of big cities) within anthropogenic territories. Such a key and study of relatively isolated populations of invasive species will provide a deeper understanding of micro-evolution of their morphological features (coloration) in isolation, help to track distribution of invasive species in a changing climate and provide material for comparison with possible similar invasions in areas heavily affected by military actions.
Afanasyev, S. O. 2003. Reaction of the biota of mountain rivers to valley pollution releases. Hydrobiological Journal, 39 (2), 3-11.
Brooks, R. & Endler, J. A. 2001. Direct and indirect sexual selection and quantitative genetics of male traits in guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Evolution, 55, 1002-1015.
CliMond, https://www.climond.org/. Accessed 27 December 2020.
Courtenay Jr, W. R. & Stauffer Jr, J. R. 1990. The introduced fish problem and the aquarium fish industry. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 21 (3), 145-159.
Endler, J. A. 1983. Natural and sexual selection on color patterns in poeciliid fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 9, 173-190.
FAO (2004) DIAS - Database on introductions of aquatic species. www.fao.org/figis/servlet/static?dom=root&xml=Introsp/introsp_s.xml. Accessed 16 December 2020.
Froese, R. & Pauly, D. 2000. Fishbase 2000: concepts, design and data sources. International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Los Banos, USA, 1-344.
Herre, A. W. C. T. 1940. Additions to the fish fauna of Malaya and notes on rare or little-known Malayan and Bornean fishes. Bulletin Raffles Museum, 16, 27-61.
Hughes, K. A., Rodd, F. H. & Reznick, D. N. 2005. Genetic and environmental effects on secondary sex traits in guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 18, 35-45.
Karino, K. & Haijima, Y. 2001. Heritability of male secondary sexual traits in feral guppies in Japan. Journal of Ethology, 19, 33-37.
Kemp, D. J., Reznick, D. N., Grether, G. F. & Endler, J. A. 2009. Predicting the direction of ornament evolution in Trinidadian guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 276, 4335-4343.
Kodric-Brown, A. & Nicoletto, P. F. 2001. Female choice in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata): the interaction between male color and display. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 50, 346-351.
Kriticos, D. J., Jarošik, V. & Ota, N. 2014. Extending the suite of bioclim variables: a proposed registry system and case study using principal components analysis. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 5, 956-960.
Kuybida, V. V., Nekrasova, O. D., Kutsokon, Y. K. & Lopatynska, V. V. 2019. Summer fish kills in the Kaniv reservoir. Hydrobiological Journal, 55 (1), 103-106.
Kutsokon, Y., Nekrasova, O., Shkamerda, V. & Loparev, S. 2012. The spread of guppy (Poecilia reticulata Peters, 1859) in the Bortnychi aeration station channel of Kyiv City. Biodiversity dynamics 2012: in the abstract of scientific materials. Zagorodniuk, I., ed. Taras Shevchenko DZ-LNU, Luhansk, Ukraine [In Ukrainian].
Lukas, J., Kalinkat, G., Kempkes, M., Rose, U. & Bierbach D. 2017. Feral guppies in Germany - a critical evaluation of a citizen science approach as biomonitoring tool. Bulletin of Fish Biology, 17 (1/2), 13-27.
Maciaszek, R., Marcinek, D. & Sosnowski, W. 2019. Exotic fish, the guppy Poecilia reticulata (Peters, 1859) (Poecilidae) found in thermally polluted canal in Central Poland. World Scientific News, 135, 289-293.
McKay, R. 1987. It's your problem tool Part 4. The Australian introductions. Aquarium Life Australia, 2, 39-40.
Millar, N. P., Reznick, D. N., Kinnison, M. T. & Hendry, A. P. 2006. Disentangling the selective factors that act on male color in wild guppies. Oikos, 113 (1), 1-12.
Nekrasova, O., Tytar, V., Pupins, M. & Čeirāns, A. 2022. Range expansion of the alien red-eared slider Trachemys scripta (Reptilia, Testudines) in Eastern Europe, with special reference to Latvia and Ukraine. BioInvasions Records, 11, 287-295.
Nekrasova, O. D., Tytar, V. M. & Kuybida, V. V. 2019. GIS modeling of climate change vulnerability of amphibians and reptiles in Ukraine. In: Mezhzherin, ed. GIS modeling of climate change vulnerability of amphibians and reptiles in Ukraine. Kyiv, NAS of Ukraine, I. I. Shmalgausen Institute of Zoology NAS [In Ukrainian].
Nekrasova, O., Tytar, V., Pupins, M., Ceirans, A., Marushchak, O. & Skute, A. 2021. A GIS modeling study of the distribution of viviparous invasive alien fish species in Eastern Europe in terms of global climate change, as exemplified by Poecilia reticulata Peters, 1859 and Gambusia holbrooki Girarg, 1859. Diversity, 13, 385.
Nowak, M., Szczerbik, P., Tatoj, K. & Popek, W. 2008. Non-native freshwater fishes in Poland: an overview. Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation, 1(2), 173-191.
Olendorf, R., Rodd, F. H., Punzalan, D., Houde, A. E., Hurt, C., Reznick, D. N. & Hughes, K. A. 2006. Frequency-dependent survival in natural guppy populations. Nature, 441, 633-636.
Osorio-Olvera, L., Lira-Noriega, A., Soberón, J., Peterson, A. T., Falconi, M., Contreras-Díaz, R.G. et al. 2020. ntbox: An r package with graphical user interface for modelling and evaluating multidimensional ecological niches. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 11 (10), 1199-1206.
Phillips, S.J. 2005. A brief tutorial on Maxent. AT&T Research, 190 (4), 231-259.
Poecilia reticulata Peters, 1859 in GBIF Secretariat (2021). GBIF.org (16 June 2021) GBIF Occurrence Download.
Pupina, A., Pupins, M., Nekrasova, O., Tytar, V., Kozynenko, I. & Marushchak, O. 2018. Species distribution modelling: Bombina bombina (Linnaeus, 1761) and its important invasive threat Perccottus glenii (Dybowski, 1877) in Latvia under global climate change. Journal of Environmental Research, Engineering and Management, 74(4), 79-86.
Pupins, M. & Pupina, A. 2011. First records of 5 allochthonous species and subspecies of Turtles (Trachemys scripta troostii, Mauremys caspica, Mauremys rivulata, Pelodiscus sinensis, Testudo horsfieldii) and new records of subspecies Trachemys scripta elegans in Latvia. Management of Biological Invasions, 2, 69-81.
Pupins, M., Tytar, V., Nekrasova, O. & Ceirans, A. 2019. Modelling co-occurrence patterns of the invasive Pond Slider (Trachemys scripta) and the native European Pond Turtle (Emys orbicularis) in Europe. Proceedings Joint ESENIAS and DIAS Scientific Conference and 9th ESENIAS Workshop "Species, ecosystems and areas of conservation concern under threat from the invasive alien species"; 3-6 Sep, 2019; Ohrid, Republic of North Macedonia: ESENIAS.
Pupins, M., Nekrasova, O., Marushchak, O., Tytar, V., Theissinger, K., Čeirāns, A., Skute, A. & Georges, J.-Y. 2023. Potential Threat of an Invasive Fish Species for Two Native Newts Inhabiting Wetlands of Europe Vulnerable to Climate Change. Diversity, 15, 201.
Seghers, B. H. 1973. An analysis of geographic variation in the antipredator adaptations of the guppy, Poecilia reticulata. PhD Thesis, University of British Columbia.
Smith, E. J., Partridge, J. C., Parsons, K. N., White, E. M., Cuthill, I. C., Bennett, A. T. D. & Church, S. C. 2002. Ultraviolet vision and mate choice in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Behavioral Ecology, 13 (1), 11-19.
Tytar, V., Nekrasova, O., Pupins, M., Čeirāns, A. & Skute, A. 2022. Modelling the range expansion of pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus across Europe, with a special focus on Ukraine and Latvia. North-West. J. Zool., 18, 143-150.
Tripathi, N., Hoffmann, M., Willing, E-M., Lanz, C., Weigel, D. & Dreyer, C. 2009. Genetic linkage map of the guppy, Poecilia reticulata, and quantitative trait loci analysis of male size and color variation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 276, 2195-2208.
Winge, Ö. & Ditlevsen, E. 1947. Color inheritance and sex determination in Lebistes. Heredity, 1, 65-83.
Witkowski, A. 1989. Fish species introduced in Polish waters and their impact on environment. Przegl Zool., 33, 583-598.